Complications of Diabetes: Why to Worry

Complications of Diabetes: Why to WorryGlucose is the biological name of sugar. It is found in plants and is imbibed into the blood during digestion. It is a source of energy for cells, but it can cause several issues as well with diabetes being the main health concern related to glucose level in the body.

Insulin is a hormone which regulates the absorption of glucose into the cells of the body. Insulin is secreted when glucose is high; it causes the excess glucose to be absorbed into cells, thereby helping the balance of glucose to be restored. However, at times the body fails to produce enough insulin or the insulin produced is not powerful enough to do its job well, causing diabetes, which is of two types – Type I and Type II. Both these types are extremely complicated and harmful to the body.

When the level of glucose in blood increases, it has the effect of causing damage to the blood vessels. As a result, those organs in the body which receive the blood will bear the impact. The susceptible organs are the kidney, heart, eyes and the feet. The high glucose levels can be expended by exercise or by the injection of insulin.

The symptoms of a high glucose level in the blood are a rise in hunger and thirst among others. These symptoms are accompanied by a wide range of other symptoms related to the eyes, skin, feet and heartbeat. The rise in glucose levels usually occurs after having food. If it is unrelated to food and is persistent, the condition is called diabetes mellitus.

There are two causes for diabetes mellitus. It can either be due to a shortage of insulin or by cells not responding to insulin. In both the cases, glucose is not taken into cells and remains in the blood. The rise in glucose levels in the blood can also be caused by factors other than diabetes.

If the glucose levels in the blood stay high, it can cause the heart to develop malfunctions. Another complication that can arise is that the cells in the body are strapped for their energy source of glucose, which is instead lying wasted in the body. The cells then start to derive energy from the fat they have. This leads to an imbalance in the kidneys as it tries to excrete the glucose and the byproducts of the burning of fat called ketones. This results in dehydration. Symptoms of a serious condition include vomiting and severe abdominal pain.

The dehydration leads to reduced blood circulation which in turn leads to a fast heart rate. If it is not treated, it can prove fatal. The treatment involves infusion of fluids and insulin.

When the blood vessels that cater to the nerves are damaged as a result of diabetes, the functionality of the nerves is affected. This prevents the healing of wounds. The wounds become sources of infection and in worst cases have to be amputated as well.

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