Migraine Headache

Migraine HeadacheMigraine headaches are very common these days and are much intense than any other form of headache. They are often periodic and are associated with the symptoms like queasiness, vomiting, sensitivity to brightness or light etc.

What is Migraine?

It is a common kind of headache, which results from multifarious interactions between our nervous system and the vascular system. It may also befall due to complex alterations in brain chemicals.

Combination of blood vessel expansion and chemicals releasing from nerve fibers coiling around the blood vessels also generate this trauma.

Symptoms of Migraine

Approximately 40 to 60% of migraine attacks are heralded by premonitory signs lasting hours to days. The sufferers and their family members are acquainted with these warning symptoms and anticipate an attack when they observe these.

Migraine headaches can be very enervating. It causes the sympathetic nervous system to respond by arousing the feelings of nausea, diarrhea and retching, and occasionally affects food absorption, delays blood circulation and ascends the sensitivity to light and sound.

Migraine headache is a chronic pain with recurrent spasms. Some major symptoms are:

  1. There is an intense, throbbing, or drubbing pain in the forehead, around eyes, or at the backside of head.
  2. It is generally unilateral affecting one side of the head; however, it gradually ends up distressing both the sides.
  3. It usually commence during complete consciousness of the subject when the sufferer is awake.
  4. Daily activities may aggravate migraine headache like climbing stairs.
  5. Migraine results into sleeplessness and irritability in the sufferer.
  6. Due to sensitivity to light and sound, the sufferer prefers to lie in a dark quiet room during the attack that may last between 4 and 72 hours.
  7. Fatigue and depression are also the signs of migraine headache.
  8. Extreme feeling of thirst, retention of fluids and increase volume of urine are also the symptoms of migraine.
  9. Constipation or diarrhea
  10. Being lethargic and weary
  11. Hankerings for sweet or salty foods


Migraine with Auras

Perceptual turbulences are called auras. Some people may experience migraines with auras during or before the attack but most do not. These could be:


Diagnosis of migraine:

Doctors check the medical history of the patient’s family and above mentioned symptoms to diagnose migraine. The criteria for the migraine diagnosis require tracking:

  1. Five or more attacks
  2. Duration of four hours to three days
  3. Moderate to intense pain, routine physical activity aggravates the pain, quality of pulse, minimum two unilateral locations.
  4. Symptoms like nausea, vomiting or increased sensitivity to light and sound.
  5. Bleeding inside the cranium
  6. Blood clotting within the brain membrane
  7. Stroke
  8. Blood vessel dilation in the brain
  9. Unbalanced cerebrospinal fluid volume
  10. Blockage of nasal sinus
  11. Tumors

How to Prevent and Treat Migraine

Amending and altering few lifestyle activities may avoid and cure the migraine frequency. These include:

Migraine attack aggravation is basically due to the fact that it is underestimated and prolonged. Migraine is usually undertreated and under-diagnosed. Few important measures can prevent the factors that may trigger the pain and if these are taken into account the life of a migraine sufferer would become much pleasant and worth cherishing.

Next step to preventing migraine headaches:

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